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Philosophy of Durood

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اُردو ترجمے کے لئے یہاں جائیں

This paper is a submission by Ghulam Abbas.
You can contact her through her email address []

In all organized systems, there is a standard way of doing every thing and a defined consequence (award, reward or punishment) of doing that task is expected. Our religion, Islam,  a highly organized and logical system, provides us with a beautiful interlacing of our religious and worldly affairs, offering great compliance in all matters for our convenience, yet giving each issue it's due share of importance.

I shall specifically talk about the great deal of ajar (reward) our Rab (Allah) promises us demanding only a small chunk of our time.

Zikr-e-Allah earns us great amounts of ajar in a matter of seconds, provided our intentions and sincerity play their part.

And remember your Lord within yourself humbly and fearing and in a voice not loud in the morning and the evening and be not of the heedless ones.
Quran [7:205]

O you who believe! remember Allah, remembering frequently, And glorify Him morning and evening.
Quran [33:41-42]

Allah`s beloved is Muhammad (SAW), so logically thinking, praising Muhammad (SAW) shall earn us lots of ajar too. The way prescribed by Allah to praise Muhammad (SAW) is to send blessings to him (SAW) that is durood, and the reward promised by Allah for this is great. Allah says in the Holy Book; 

Surely Allah and His angels bless the Prophet; O you who believe! call for (Divine) blessings on him and salute him with a (becoming) salutation.
Quran [33:56]

Allah sends His Salah on the Prophet, and also His angels (do so). O you who believe! Send your Salah on him, and greet him with Taslim
Quran [33:56] Translated by Ibne Kathir

Al-Bukhari said: "Abu Al-`Aliyah said: "Allah's Salah is His praising him before the angels, and the Salah of the angels is their supplication.'' Ibn `Abbas said: "They send blessings.'' Abu `Isa At-Tirmidhi said: "This was narrated from Sufyan Ath-Thawri and other scholars, who said: `The Salah of the Lord is mercy, and the Salah of the angels is their seeking forgiveness. There are Mutawatir Hadiths narrated from the Messenger of Allah commanding us to send blessings on him and how we should say Salah upon him. We will mention as many of them as we can, if Allah wills, and Allah is the One Whose help we seek. In his Tafsir of this Ayah, Al-Bukhari recorded that Ka`b bin `Ujrah said, "It was said, `O Messenger of Allah, with regard to sending Salam upon you, we know about this, but how about Salah' He said: (Say: "O Allah, send Your Salah upon Muhammad and upon the family of Muhammad, as You sent Your Salah upon the family of Ibrahim, verily You are the Most Praiseworthy, Most Glorious. O Allah, send Your blessings upon Muhammad and upon the family of Muhammad, as You sent Your blessings upon the family of Ibrahim, verily You are Most Praiseworthy, Most Glorious.'') This Hadith has been recorded by the Group in their books with different chains of narration.
Tafsir Ibne Kathir, Tafseer of Surah 33, Verse 56

I noted the way Allah addresses His people in general in the Quran, He talks in a very loving manner, Just like parents who offer various incentives to their children for doing every task they are asked to do, even though the task is beneficial for children themselves. Usual way of instruction, by Allah is "do this so that you get success". For example;

Those who believe and do not mix up their faith with iniquity, those are they who shall have the security and they are those who go aright.
Quran [6:82]

The ones who believe in truth are being promised security. But notice the way Allah is talking about His beloved messenger (SAW). He says send blessings on Muhammad (SAW), not because it is for our own good, but also because Allah Himself does so, also His angels.

It is not a normal Quranic order. It is something more than that, Alot more. Sending blessings on Muhammad (SAW) makes us, the ordinary mistake-makers humans, do an act that Allah Himself does. This is why I think of this ajar to be beyond the limits of description.

Ever thought about the point that why does Allah offer so much for sending durood to Prophet Muhammad (SAW), Durood, a few words of Arabic about Muhammad (SAW) and his blessed progeny? Why does Allah want so many blessings to be sent to Muhammad (SAW)? Do Muhammad (SAW) and his Ahlulbayt need our prayers to help them (SAW) to paradise? Is he (SAW) dependant on us, the sinners of today, for his Salvation, or attaining a status which none but He (SAW) deserves?

Certainly no. It is us who need to send durood on Muhammad (SAW) and his family for our own good.

Consider someone who you don't know, not at all. One day he comes to you and says salaam to you. Second day he comes again and says salaam again. Third, fourth, fifth, Sixth day.... he continues to greet you while you two walk past one another in a fraction of a second. You wil very soon start considering him among one of your acquaintances if he keeps this practice up. You will be there to help him out if possible whenever he needs it. I know I would because he would be much more than a stranger who lives in my neighborhood.

Now think of a time when you might need someone's, or say, Prophet's (SAW) help. As a Muslim, thinking in the right direction, you are going to stand before the Creator's judgment on the day we all await. This is exactly when being among the acquaintances of the Prophet will be the most beneficial for one, because Muhammad (SAW) has the power to intercede for the Muslim Ummah, something that both Shias and the Sunnis believe in (thank God) as said in the prayer after adhaan.

Imagine yourself on the day of judgment, having Muhammad (SAW), the interceder of the day, know you personally, because of the durood you used to send on him (SAW) and his family (AS). The judgment for you would be so much improved!  

Sending durood on Prophet (SAW) and his family (AS) is indeed a very convenient and attractive package for us ,the Muslims of today.

na pooch tujh per salam kehney mein kya kashish hai
kahin khudaii, to kahin Khuda humnawa mila hai

Do not ask (me) about the attraction
in sending peace on you (Muhammad (SAW))
Sometimes it is His creations
sometimes The Creator (Himself) participates with me

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